What alternatives are there to poisoning?
|1984||King, C.||Oxford University Press. P 183||Immigrant Killers. Introduced Predators and the conservation of birds in New Zealand||“The hardy species are the ones that have survived on the main islands for at least a hundred years in company with the whole range of predators and other habitat changes, and therefore are able to come to some sort of terms with them. The management policy appropriate for them is that of conservation, defined in a recent, thought-provoking textbook as denoting ‘programmes for the long-term retention of natural communities under conditions which provide the potential for continuing evolution’.7 What conditions do they require? Simply to be left alone in their natural habitat, and enough of it. In the long run, the continued survival of any species genotype is impossible outside the habitat to which it is adapted: conservation of species and of habitat are the same thing.”|
|2014||The Royal Society of New Zealand||Emerging Issues March 2014||Challenges for pest management in New Zealand||“The inherent limitations of existing pest management approaches underline the need for either new technologies or on-going refinement of existing methods. In particular there needs to be a trend away from the use of pesticides to more knowledge-intensive, biologically based control systems”|
|2015||Russell, J.C., Innes, J.G., Brown, P.N. & Byrom, A.E.||Bioscience 65(5): 520-525||Predator-free New Zealand: Conservation Country||“Currently, control of mammalian predators worldwide relies on technologies developed over 50 years ago – that is, mechanical single-capture traps and broad-spectrum anticoagulant poisons. These tools should be phased out and replaced with new technologies that achieve greater efficacy and public acceptance while simultaneously reducing costs (Campbell et al. 2015), such as automated self-resetting traps with remote monitoring (Blackie et al. 2014), engineered species specific toxins (Rennison et al. 2013), highly attractive lures (Linklater et al. 2013), viruses as a delivery mechanism for fertility control agents (Cross et al. 2011) and the Trojan Female Technique to produce infertile males through the female mitochondrial line (Gemmell et al. 2013).”|
|2008||AHB||AHB Annual Research Report 2007-2008||Vaccine Programme||“In the event that vector control is no longer able to be so intensively applied in the future, it may be necessary to have other options to prevent livestock becoming infected. In this context the AHB has contracted Landcare Research to undertake a major five year field trial in order to determine the efficacy of BCG vaccination in protecting cattle from TB infection resulting from natural challenge from possums and other wildlife…While there is growing confidence that the oral vaccine will provide significant protection for possums against bovine TB, there may be limited uses for the vaccine in NZ due to the fact that culling is just as effective, and probably more cost-efficient, in reducing TB infection in wild possum populations.”|
|2015||Livingstone, P.G., Hancox, N., Nugent, G. & de Lisle, G.W.||NZ Veterinary Journal 63 (Supp 1):4-18||Toward eradication: the effect of Mycobacterium bovis infection in wildlife on the evolution and future direction of bovine tuberculosis management in New Zealand||“key technological developments…included…Development of an oral bait BCG vaccine for possums…The oral bait BCG vaccine was developed as insurance in case other control methods became unavailable or failed to achieve the required reduction in possum densities to eradicate.”|
|2016||Farmers Against Ten Eighty||Scoop 13 May 2016||Federated Farmers Challenged Over Tb-free Rort||“establish a couple of younger, independent thinking vets within the Ministry of Primary Industries to mop up any remaining disease, de-structure any other organisations and adhere to World standards regarding Tb.”
The very few herds which continued with Tb infection could be depopulated and replaced with “top of the line” animals and a “how to” programme of maintaining that disease-free quality.”